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国内高考结束,来看看国外的高考是怎样的

截至目前,一年一度的高考已经结束,参加完最后一堂考试的同学们感觉怎么样呢?跨过了高考这道坎之后,以后路还有很多的考试在等着你。国内的高考结束了,那么今天Meeloun小编就来带大家看看国外的高考是怎样的!

1.美国——ACT与SAT

The ACT and SAT are standardized tests for high school achievement and college admissions in the United States.

ACT和SAT是美国衡量高中成绩和大学入学资格的标准测试。

ACT measures high school students’ general educational development and their capability to complete college-level work with the multiple choice tests covering four skill areas: English, mathematics, reading, and science. The optional Writing Test measures skill in planning and writing a short essay.相关阅读:http://www.lxws.net/new.php?id=1160

ACT通过选择题,衡量高中生在英语、数学、阅读和科学这四个领域的总体教育发展水平及他们完成大学学习的能力。选做的写作测试则衡量短文的规划与撰写能力。

The main four tests are scored individually on a scale of 1–36, and a Composite score is provided which is the whole number average of the four scores.

四项主要测试的分值分别都是36分,最后四项测试得分的整数平均分就是综合分。

Now all four-year colleges and universities in the U.S. accept the ACT, but different institutions place different emphases on standardized tests such as the ACT, compared to other factors of evaluation such as class rank, GPA, and extracurricular activities.

现在所有美国四年制的院校都承认ACT成绩,但不同的机构对ACT这类标准测试和其他因素(如班级排名、绩点和课外活动)的重视程度不同。

The SAT assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems. It consists of three major sections: Critical Reading, Mathematics, and Writing, and each major section is divided into three parts.

SAT评估测试者分析和解决问题的能力。它由三个主要板块组成:阅读、数学和写作,每个主要板块又分为三个小部分。

There are 10 sub-sections in total, including an additional 25-minute experimental or “equating” section that may be in any of the three major sections. The experimental section is used to normalize questions for future administrations of the SAT and does not count toward the final score.

总共有十个小部分,包括一个可能出现在任意主要板块中的25分钟的加试部分。加试部分用于标准化未来SAT考试的题目,不计入最后得分。

Most of the questions on the SAT, except for the essay and the grid-in math responses, are multiple choices. In the SAT, total scores are calculated by adding up scores of the three sections.

除了论文和数学填空题,大部分SAT的题目都是选择题。在SAT中,总分由三个板块得分相加得出。

The test is administered under a tight time limit to help produce a range of scores. The current SAT, takes three hours to finish, plus 50 minutes for the SAT with essay.

为了加大试题区分度,考试在紧张的时限下进行。现行的SAT考试限时三小时,带有论文写作的SAT则另加50分钟。

The SAT is offered four times a year in the United States: in October, December, March (or April, alternating) and May. In other countries, the SAT is offered on the same dates as in the United States except for the first spring test date (i.e., March or April), which is not offered.

在美国,SAT一年举行四次:十月、十二月、三月(或四月)和五月。在其他国家,除了不举行春季的第一场考试(三月或四月)SAT和美国本土的SAT同期举行。

2.英国——GCE Advanced Level

The GCE Advanced Level, or A-Level, is a secondary school leaving qualification in the United Kingdom, offered as a main qualification in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, as an alternative qualification in Scotland, and as an international school qualification worldwide.

GCE通用教育证书(A-Level)是英国的中学毕业证书。它是英格兰、威尔士、北爱尔兰颁发的主要证书,苏格兰颁发的参考证书,也是世界性国际学校证书。

A-Levels is recognized by many universities as the standard for assessing the suitability of applicants for admission in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland.

A-Levels被英格兰、威尔斯和北爱尔兰的很多大学视为衡量入学申请者合适程度的标准。

It requires studying an offered A-Level subject over a two-year period and sitting for an examination at the end of each year (A1/S and A2, respectively). The pass grades for A Levels are, from highest to lowest, A*, A, B, C, D and E. The process to decide these grades involves the uniform mark scheme (UMS).

A-levels要求学生学习两年指定的A Level科目,并在每学年结束时参加考试(分别为A1/S或A2)。A Levels的通过等级从高到底分别是A*、B、C、D和E。这些等级是根据UMS标准评分体系决定的。

Under this scheme, four-module A levels have a maximum mark of 400 UMS (or 200 UMS each for AS and A2), and six-module A levels have a maximum mark of 600.

在这个体系中,四模块的A Levels最高分是400UMS(AS和A2分别有200分),而6模块的A Levels最高分为600分。

A number of countries, including Singapore, Kenya, Mauritius and Zimbabwe have developed qualifications with the same name as and a similar format to the British A-Levels.

包括新加坡、肯尼亚、毛里求斯和津巴布韦在内的许多国家都应用了与英国的A-Levels名称和形式都相似的证书。

3.法国——Baccalauréat (BAC)

The BAC, is an academic qualification which French students take at the end of high school. It was introduced by Napoleon I in 1808.

BAC是法国学生在高中结业时参加的学业证书考试,是拿破仑一世在1808年推行的。

It is the main diploma required to pursue university studies. Although it is not legally required, the vast majority of students in their final year of secondary school take the exam.

BAC是进入大学学习所要求的主要证书。虽然在法律上没有要求,但绝大多数学生都会在中学的最后一年参加考试。

Most examinations are given in essay-form. The student is given a substantial block of time (depending on the exam, from two to five hours) to complete a multiple-page, well-argued paper. Therefore, the French Baccalauréat is not a completely standardized test.

大部分考试都是论文的形式。学生会有大量时间(取决于不同考试,二至五小时不等)来写一篇多页的、论证充分的文章。因此,法国的BAC并不是一个完全标准化的考试。

Since most answers — even for biology questions — are given in essay form, the grades may vary from grader to grader especially in subjects like philosophy and French literature.

因为大部分答案,甚至生物考试的答案,都是论文形式的。不同阅卷老师评出的分数都不同,尤其是对于哲学和法国文学这样的学科。

了解了这些国家的“高考”制度后,你最喜欢哪种呢?

不过,不管考试形式是怎样,最重要的还是养成良好的学习和思考习惯。

毕竟很多年后,你可能会忘了地理的大洋环流,忘了物理的冲量动量,但良好的学习习惯和思维模式可是要跟你一辈子的。

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